Fosmo Med is pioneering the use of Forward Osmosis (FO) technology to make IV bags much less expensive to ship, easier to store and more convenient for on-site use.
FO technology is not new. The original concept was developed by NASA in the 1970s. The membrane used for FO is manufactured by several companies and has been widely used in water treatment. Osmosis technology in general is being used in medical devices such as kidney dialysis machines. The International Space Station (ISS) human waste recycling machine is based on Osmosis technology developed by NASA.
FO works like this: If you put a membrane between water and any type of salt, the salt will create a draw that will move water through the membrane. This process requires no power, as opposed to Reverse Osmosis (RO), which uses power to cleanse water containing salts and other solids. The FO process leaves water with salt in its content. The salt in this case could be sodium chloride, sugar, potassium chloride, magnesium or others. This lends itself beautifully to IV solutions, since most of these solutions require salt of some type to be injected into veins.